Understanding the Treatment Options
Non–high-risk (low- or intermediate-risk) neuroblastoma
For children with low-risk neuroblastoma, surgery to remove the tumor is often the only treatment necessary. Treatment for children with intermediate-risk neuroblastoma often includes chemotherapy and, if necessary, surgery to remove the tumor as well.
For children with high-risk neuroblastoma, intensive (strong) treatment that combines chemotherapy, surgery, autologous stem cell transplant (also called bone marrow transplant), radiation therapy, and antibody therapy is usually required.
Children are considered to have high-risk neuroblastoma either because of aggressive tumor cell characteristics or the presence of disease in multiple places.